Adderall works as a cognitive enhancer and CNS stimulant. It works to treat ADHD and a rare sleep disorder called narcolepsy. You’ll find out more about Adderall if you continue reading below.
Adderall: Indications, Adverse Reactions, Contraindications
Adderall is a preparation recommended in the therapy of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. This drug contains a mixture of four amphetamine salts and works by stimulating the nervous system.
This drug appeared as a result of the reformulation of the medicine called Obetrol. While the latter was indicated for weight loss purposes, Adderall is intended for ADHD and narcolepsy only. However, the drug is often used off-label as an appetite suppressant, physical and cognitive stimulant. Some people take Adderall recreationally to boost their libido and feel the high.
Adderall is approved by the FDA. Despite its high abuse potential, it is a Schedule II drug. Why? If used in therapeutic dosages, Adderall is not likely to cause addiction. On the contrary, if ADHD therapy starts in childhood, it reduces the chances for substance use disorder in this individual in adulthood. Still, the purchase of Adderall requires a prescription.
Some More Detail about Adderall
Adderall represents the family of medicines known as phenethylamines. This drug has racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine in its composition. The effects produced by this medication include increased wakefulness, better cognitive functions control, enhanced sex drive, resistance to fatigue, increased muscle strengths, and others.
Those taking Adderall for recreational purposes chase its stimulant effects as well as physical and cognitive euphoria, body high, focus enhancement, and other reactions characteristic of high dosages of this drug.
The preparation works by stimulating the activity of dopamine and norepinephrine – the neurotransmitters that speed up the transition of the nerve signals from the peripheral nerves to the CNS.
Dosage Recommendations. Advice on Intake
The dosing recommendations on Adderall vary based on the age of the patient and their response to the therapy. In children aged 3 – 5 with ADHD, the dosage of 2.5 mg daily is typically used. If there’s no response, the dosage can be increased by 2.5 mg at a week-long interval. Starting from the age of 6, children should take Adderall at the dosage of 5 mg or more.
If taken for narcolepsy, the daily dosage may range significantly and reach 60 mg. It should be divided into two or three doses with the first one taken on awakening.
Please note that the mentioned dosage recommendations are only general advice, and your dosing schedule should be agreed upon with your healthcare provider.
Adderall can be taken regardless of meals, but you shouldn’t use the drug late in the day as it may interfere with your sleep.
To achieve stable results in your therapy, it’s crucial to ingest the medication at even spaces of time, at the same time each day. To follow your progress in treatment, your doctor may recommend the temporary discontinuation of medication for some time. This will help to figure out if the behavioral symptoms still need treatment.
Contraindications to Adderall. Cautiousness during Treatment with Adderall
The potential benefits of Adderall can’t outweigh the possible risks in people suffering from certain diseases. The drug may harm those dealing with:
– known allergy to any active ingredient of the drug or its excipients;
– hypertension (high blood pressure);
– overly active thyroid gland;
– agitated states;
– allergy to sympathomimetic amines.
The intake of MAOIs is also a contraindication to Adderall use. You can start treatment with either of these medicines no sooner than 14 days apart.
Children and adolescents with structural cardiovascular abnormalities and other heart health disorders are at risk of sudden death. Adderall is not advised in this age group. As for adults, they should also avoid treatment with Adderall if they have any severe cardiovascular disorders.
What about Adverse Effects? How Common Are They?
The adverse reactions to Adderall may be subdivided into two groups: those appearing immediately after the start of treatment and long-term effects, which usually manifest after years of the therapy with this drug.
Typical unwanted reactions related to Adderall use are:
– trouble sleeping;
– mouth dryness;
– heart rhythm changes;
– weight loss due to decreased appetite.
You can also experience the exacerbation of psychosis or bipolar disorder if these are the comorbid conditions you suffer. Aggressive behavior is another thing to expect in people using Adderall.
The long-term side effects of the drug are more diverse and include but are not limited to mood changes, suppression of growth, sexual disorders (particularly erectile dysfunction).
Adderall is usually well-tolerated when taken in therapeutic dosages. The drug can significantly improve the quality of life of people with ADHD. Don’t let the disease spoil your life – take Adderall.